Pic credit: Sushovan Aryal

Pashupatinath Temple

Pashupatinath Temple is One of the largest Hindu temple complexes in the bank of the holy river (Bagmati) situated  in Kathmandu Valley. The Temple was covered by UNESCO as a world heritage site since 1979 AD. It is one of the four most significant religious sites for Shiva believers in Asia. It was first built in the 5th Century and later renovated by Malla kings and over the years has been erected several times until the two-storied one we see today, which was built in 15th century by lichhavi king Shupuspa. The main pagoda style temple has a gilded roof, four sides covered in silver and exquisite wood carvings.

Arya Ghat, dating from the early 1900s, is one of special importance because it is the only place where lustral water from Pashupatinath Temple can be obtained and it is where members of the royal family were cremated. The main cremation site is Bhasmeshvar Ghat, which is the most-used cremation site in the Kathmandu Valley. The preferred bathing spot for women is the Gauri Ghat, to the north. While on the opposite side of the river are a host of smaller stupas (chaityas) and temples where mystic Sadhus often gather.

The Bagmati River, which runs next to Pashupatinath Temple, has highly sacred properties. Thus the banks are lined with many ghats (bathing spots) for use by pilgrims. Renovating or furnishing these sites has always been regarded as meritorious.

There are many festivals throughout the year and thousands of people attend these festivals. The most important festivals are the Maha Shiva Ratri, Bala Chaturthi festival, and Teej festival. Teej is one of the most celebrated festival at Pashupatinath Temple. It is celebrated by Hindu Nepali women for long life, happiness of their husband. It is believed that taking fasting at that day will make strong bond between the husband and wife. On this day, Pashupatinath Temple will be with biggest crowd. And every Monday is also important day for Shiva believer so we can see so many visitors.